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Table 5 Gender differences in HRQOL of patients with chronic cough as measure by LCQ (n = 110)

From: Changes in health-related quality of life and clinical implications in Chinese patients with chronic cough

Adverse events caused by chronic cough Males Females t value P value
Chest or stomach pains 5.3 ± 1.7 5.5 ± 1.7 -0.32 0.75
Phlegm 4.5 ± 2.3 4.6 ± 2.3 -0.17 0.86
Tiredness 5.2 ± 1.6 4.7 ± 1.8 1.28 0.20
Controlled by cough 3.2 ± 1.7 3.1 ± 1.8 0.44 0.66
Embarrassment 4.9 ± 1.6 3.7 ± 1.6 4.02 0.00
Anxiety 4.5 ± 1.9 4.2 ± 1.6 1.01 0.32
Interference with job/other daily tasks 5.2 ± 1.6 5.1 ± 1.8 0.29 0.78
Interference with overall enjoyment 5.4 ± 1.7 5.4 ± 1.7 0.11 0.92
Cough by exposure of paints or fumes 3.8 ± 2.4 3.9 ± 2.2 -0.22 0.83
Disturbance of sleep 5.2 ± 1.9 4.4 ± 1.9 2.16 0.03
Coughing bouts 3.1 ± 1.3 3.1 ± 1.2 -0.16 0.88
Frustration 5.1 ± 1.7 4.5 ± 1.5 2.02 0.04
Feed up 4.2 ± 1.9 4.2 ± 1.6 0.05 0.96
Hoarse voice 5.5 ± 1.4 5.3 ± 1.6 0.65 0.52
Full of energy 4.8 ± 1.6 4.6 ± 1.8 0.78 0.44
Worry about serious diseases 4.4 ± 1.9 4.3 ± 1.7 0.49 0.63
Concerned the others' feelings about your cough 4.8 ± 2.0 5.4 ± 1.6 -1.70 0.09
Interrupted conversation or telephone calls 5.3 ± 1.6 4.8 ± 1.5 1.68 0.10
Annoying partner, family or friends 5.5 ± 1.9 5.5 ± 1.7 -0.08 0.94